About the Book Architecture refers to the art and science of designing buildings and other structures. The term is also used to describe physical structures, and the style, design and method of their construction. Architectural design activity ranges from the macro-level of urban design and landscape architecture to the micro-level, including construction details and furniture. Architects offer pr...
Paperback: 228 pages
Publisher: Leopold Classic Library (January 11, 2016)
Product Dimensions: 8 x 0.5 x 10 inches
Format: PDF ePub Text djvu ebook
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services in connection with the design and construction of buildings, or built environments. Architectural periods include those of ancient civilizations, such as Egypt, Mesopotamia, Greece and Rome. In Asia, architecture developed along different lines from that of Europe, and including Buddhist, Hindu and Sikh schools. Islamic architecture began in the 7th century, incorporating features from the ancient Middle East and Byzantium. In Europe in the Middle Ages, guilds were formed by craftsmen. The role of architect was usually one with that of master mason, and the major architectural undertakings were abbeys and cathedrals. In Renaissance Europe from 1400 there was a revival of Classical learning and Renaissance Humanism placed greater emphasis on the role of the individual. With the emerging knowledge in scientific fields and the rise of new materials and technology, architecture and engineering began to separate, and the architect began to concentrate on aesthetics and the humanist aspects, often at the expense of technical aspects of building design. Around the beginning of the 20th century, a general dissatisfaction with the emphasis on revivalist architecture and elaborate decoration led to new lines of thought that became precursors to Modern Architecture.About us Leopold Classic Library has the goal of making available to readers the classic books that have been out of print for decades. While these books may have occasional imperfections, we consider that only hand checking of every page ensures readable content without poor picture quality, blurred or missing text etc. That's why we:republish only hand checked books;that are high quality;enabling readers to see classic books in original formats; thatare unlikely to have missing or blurred pages.You can search "Leopold Classic Library" in categories of your interest to find other books in our extensive collection.Happy reading!